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MLA Citation Guide

This guide illustrates commonly used citation types. For other citation rules or style questions refer to the MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers, 7th edition, available at the Information Desk or on Reserve at the Circulation Desk. For a Works Cited list:

  •          Use the heading Works Cited, centered on the top of the page.
  •          List each entry alphabetically by the first word of the citation (ignore any initial a, an, or the).
  •          Double space within and between each citation entry.
  •          Use a hanging indent if a citation has more than one line.
  •          Keep publishing information minimal; example: UP for University Press; omit Inc., Books, etc.
  •          Include the medium for each source; examples: Print, Web, DVD, Performance, Television



     Adger, W. Neil, Irene Lorenzoni, and Karen L. O'Brien, eds. Adapting to Climate Change:                   

              Thresholds, Values, Governance. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2009. EBSCO eBook

              Collection.  Web. 26 Aug. 2013.

Book in Print


     Ferguson, Charles D. Nuclear Energy: What Everyone Needs to Know. New York:  Oxford,

              2011.   Print.


Articles from Online Databases


Article in a Dictionary, Encyclopedia or other Reference Work in an Online Database

Koth, Philip Edward. "Sustainable Development." Human Geography: People and the Environment. Ed.


          K. Lee Lerner, Brenda Wilmoth Lerner, and Sonia Benson. Vol. 2. Detroit: Gale, 2013. 558-61.


          Gale Virtual Reference Library. Web. 28 Aug. 2013.


Magazine article in an Online Database

     Berman, Bradley. "Fuel from the Roof." Sierra (2013): 53. Academic Search Complete. Web.

             2 Sept. 2013.

Newspaper article in an Online Database

                 Trop, Jaclyn, and Bill Vlasic. "A Hankering for Hybrids." New York Times 3 Aug. 2013: n.pag.


                          Proquest National Newspapers. Web. 26 Aug. 2013.


Report in an Online Database

Weeks, Jennifer. “Climate Change.” CQ Researcher 14 June 2013: 521-44. CQ Researcher Online.

          Web. 29 Aug. 2013. 2013.

 Scholarly Journal article in an Online Database

     Lin, Gao, and Zach C. Winfield. "Life Cycle Assessment of Environmental and Economic Impacts 

             of Advanced Vehicles." Energies 5.3 (2012): 605-20. Academic Search Complete. Web. 27

             Aug. 2013.

Print Articles/Chapters/Essays


Article in a Dictionary, Encyclopedia or other Reference Work in Print


Allaby, Michael. "Climate Types." Encyclopedia of Weather and Climate. Rev. ed. Vol. 1. New York:


               Facts on File, 2007. Print.


Magazine article in Print


     Dobb, Edwin. "The New Oil Landscape." National Geographic Mar. 2013: 28+. Print.


Newspaper article in Print


     Brennan, Pat. "Focus on Climate Changes in 2012: Seas Rise, Earth Warms, Records are Set." Orange


               County Register [Santa Ana] 7 Aug. 2013, News: 3. Print.


Reprint in an Anthology


     Carson, Rachel. "Tides." The Norton Reader An Anthology of Nonfiction. Ed. Linda H. Peterson and  

               John C. Brereton. 11th ed. New York: Norton, 2004. 568-74. Print. Excerpt from The Sea

              Around Us. N.p.: n.p., 1951. N. pag.


Web Sources


Image (Born Digital)

     "Honda Civic Hybrid." About Hybrids Today. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 Aug. 2013.


YouTube Video

     Hydrogen Hybrid Conversion for Any Vehicle. YouTube. N.p., 12 July 2010. Web. 28

              Aug. 2013. <>.


     "Climate Change Science." Environmental Protection Agency. United States, n.d. Web. 26 Aug. 2013.


Other Sources


Film, DVD                      Too Hot Not to Handle. Prod. Susan Lester and Joseph Lovett. 2006. Films 

                                                 for the Humanities & Sciences. DVD.

Interview                  Brown, Austin. Personal interview. 20 Sept. 2013. Coastkeeper 

                                             Garden  Manager.

Television Program    "Energy and Power." Discovering Fluid Power. Prod. Mark Fischer. tpt 

                                           Minnesota. Saint Paul Minneapolis, 6 Apr. 2008. Television.